Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

The sexually transmitted diseases panel summarizes different pathogens which are spread mainly through sexual contact. Very well-known is AIDS, caused by the HIV-1 virus.

The infection with the most common bacterial pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) leads to pain, inflammation and discharge. It is also often responsible for infertility in women; the prevalence in young women is reported to be 5-10%.

Gonorrhoeae is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), growing in moist areas such as cervix, urethra, mouth and rectum; this pathogen is not as frequent as it used to be.

Syphilis, stimulated by Treponema pallidum, is more dangerous and in the tertiary stage even fatal, but currently very rare.

Genital warts are elicited by Papilloma virus (HPV). Some high-risk types of HPV can cause cervix cancer.


N. gonorrhoeae

C. trachomatis

U. urealyticum LC